Carnivorous plant “sarracenia”.
Sarracenia is also a vascular plant, like the naphanthees. They are found mainly in many areas of USA and Canada. Due to the loss of sarracenia, the insects attract themselves. Once the insect goes inside it, it is caught in the liquid inside the compartment and there is no hope of survival. The digestive fluid absorbs nutrients of that insect.
A common plant in the bogs of the northeastern part of North America is Sarracenia purpurea. Although its large leaves resemble tall pitchers partially filled with water, they are also good mimics of flowers, and it is the latter trait that fools both insects and humans. Although humans have nothing to fear if they try to smell the false flowers, flies easily become victims of the pitfall trap when they seek potential food inside. As the summer season progresses, the leaves become purplish red from the presence of anthologists, making them a lure to flies who are probably also attracted by the decaying amino acid odor of already trapped prey. Once the fly enters the hollow leaf, it confronts a waxy surface leading to a pool of water. Although a fly can often escape the surface of water, the pitcher plant reduces its chances by supplying a wetting agent that wets the fly’s wings and prevents it from flying. Even if the fly succeeds in escaping the surface of the water, it is confronted by the steep sides of the leaf and, being unable to fly straight up like a helicopter, is forced to crash into the walls of the leaf. We have all seen flies climb the walls of our houses, but this leaf wall is somewhat more challenging.
Sarracenia are commonly known as Pitcher Plants or Trumpet Pitchers and can be long-lived and easy houseplants to grow and keep looking attractive from one year to the next. Or they can be challenging and short lived. The genus Sarracenia consists of 15 species and subspecies found naturally only in North America. All but one of those taxa are restricted to the southeast USA with the epicenter of the genus on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The taxa restricted to the Gulf coast are considered warm temperate. That is they expect seasonal changes but do not handle freezing weather and short growing seasons very well. The taxa found naturally inland or along the Atlantic coast, Virginia south, are more cold temperate. They do not require freezing temperatures but do naturally get them in the wild. They also are more tolerant of shorter growing seasons. Sarracenia purpura subsp. purpura, which is found in the northeastern USA and southern Canada, is very cold temperate but does well in areas with moderate winters. There are thousands of Sarracenia hybrids each with its own growing preferences.