Mission Chandrayaan-2

Mission Chandrayaan-2

India’s space agency ISRO has announced to send Chandrayaan-2 to the second moon mission.

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is once again sending its satellite to the moon. This satellite will be released from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh on July 15 at 2:51 am.

President of ISRO, Dr. K. Seavan said that on July 15, at around 2.51 am Chandrayaan-2 will fly and it is estimated that on 6th or 7th September it will land on the moon. In 2008, India had succeeded in sending Chandrayaan to the Moon class, though it did not land on the Moon.

The eyes of the whole world are on this space mission of India. India is going to fulfill its mission on the moon for the second time in 10 years. There is lot of enthusiasm about this mission in India.

Chandrayaan-2 will be carrying the GSLV Mark III rocket space built in India. This campaign has three modules – Lander, Orbiter and Rover.

Ritu Karidhal, mission director of Chandrayaan-2 has been made. With him, M. Vanitha has been given the role of projector director. This is not the first time that ISRO women scientists have been given such a big responsibility. Earlier, eight women scientists were placed in the main role in the Mars mission. About the women scientists who played a key role in Chandrayaan 2 30% women scientists are involved in this whole campaign.

Rocket Woman of India


ISRO’s female scientist Ritu Karidhal is the Mission Director of Chandrayaan-2. They are also called Rocket Woman of India. Earlier, he has been a Deputy Operations Director in the Mars Orbiter Mission. Ritu Karidh has studied engineering in aerospace. He is also a Graduate from Lucknow University. Former President APJ Abdul Kalam honored him with ISRO Young Scientist Award in the year 2007. In his earlier interviews, Ritu Karidhal had said that he had a special interest in physics and mathematics. He used to keep cutting and cutting the cutting news or newsletters in newspapers about childhood in NASA and ISRO. After post graduation, he applied for a job in ISRO and became a space sitist. Ritu Karidhal, who has been working as a scientist for ISRO for nearly 21 years, has already worked on several important projects including the Mars Orbiter Mission.

Karidhal had a special interest in science since his childhood. In an interview to the BBC after the Mars Orbiter Mission, he had said, “I was surprised to see the size of the moon decreasing and growing and wanted to know about the world beyond the darkness of space.”

Project Director M. Vanitha



M. Vanitha is working as a Project Director in Chandrayaan 2. Vanitha has a training of design engineers and has won the Best Women Scientist Award from Astronomical Society of India in 2006. He has been working on satellite for many years.

Science analyst Pallav Bagla explains that any director is responsible for the project director. One mission is the same project director. While there may be more than one mission director on a mission like an orbit director, satellite or rocket director. It is not clear who is the Mission Director.

M. Vanitha will have to look at all the aspects of the project in which the campaign will be successful. Every project work will be under their supervision. Above them is a program director.


What is  Chandrayaan-2

ISRO said, “Chandrayaan-2 will land on the southern part of the Moon and will scrutinize this place. It will take about 15 minutes for the vehicle to land, and it will be a very difficult moment because technically, India has never done it before. ”

Chandrayaan-2 is a very special satellite because it has an orbiter, a landmark named ‘Vikram’ and a rover named ‘Pragyan’. For the first time, India will do “soft landing” on the surface of the moon, which is the toughest task.

Its total cost is more than Rs 600 crores. 3.8 tonne weights will be sent to Chandrayaan-II via GSLV Mark-III.

India will leave its satellite impression on the moon This is a very important mission. ISRO believes that the mission will be successful.

Earlier, Chandrayaan-1’s mission was of two years but after the defect in it, the mission ended in one year. In view of that, ISRO says that taking lessons from Chandrayaan-1, he has removed all the shortcomings in the Chandrayaan-2 mission.

The launch of Chandrayaan-2 will be held at Sriharikota-based space station on July 15, at 2:00 pm. The GSLV Mark-3 rocket will take it into space. ISRO had earlier placed the period of launch between July 9 and July 16. The mass of the spacecraft is 3.8 tons. There are three modules – Arbiter, Lander (Vikram) and Rover (Pragyan).

He mentioned that the cost associated with satellite in Chandrayaan-2 campaign is Rs 603 crores. At the same time, the cost of GSLV Mark-3 is Rs 375 crore. According to ISRO, orbiter, will rotate the moon with payload. Lander will land on the Moon’s pre-determined site and will place a rover there. Significantly, Chandrayaan-2 is the upgraded version of its predecessor Chandrayaan-1. Chandrayaan-1 was sent about 10 years ago.
Chandrayaan-2 weighs 318 quintals. Chandrayaan-1, launched in 2008, was established in the orbit of 100 km away from the surface of the moon. Before India, the US, Russia and China have taken off the moon’s surface.

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